A ration card is an official document issued by the government that allows eligible individuals or households to purchase essential commodities such as food grains, sugar, kerosene, and cooking oil at subsidized rates from designated fair price shops or ration shops. Ration cards is primarily used in our country, where the government implements a public distribution system (PDS) to ensure food security and provide basic necessities to the economically disadvantaged population.

Ration cards serve as an identification and eligibility proof for individuals to access subsidized food grains and other essential items. They are typically categorized into different types or colors, each representing a specific economic or social category, such as below-poverty-line (BPL), above-poverty-line (APL), or antyodaya ration cards.

The exact process of obtaining a ration card may vary from country to country or even within different states or regions of a country. In general, applicants need to submit certain documents, such as proof of identity, proof of address, income certificates, and photographs, along with a completed application form. The concerned government department or agency responsible for the distribution of ration cards processes the applications and issues the cards to eligible individuals or households.

Ration cards play a crucial role in ensuring that essential commodities reach those who need them the most. They are also used to monitor and control the distribution of subsidized items and prevent hoarding or misuse.